The US food and Drug Administration (FDA) has enforced a final rule that to some extent aligns the regulations for Pet food production with production standards for human food.
The protection of human and animal health must always be a prime consideration in the manufacturing and distribution of animal feed including pet food, which is why one should consider the FDA initiative as a positive development for the industry.
However, the new legislation can also prove to be a challenge for pet food manufacturers to put into effect.
Firstly, the rule requires facilities to have a written food safety plan and supply chain program that must be specific to the facility, which is why the complexity of the plans depends on the type of facility. It also requires the facilities to perform analyses of potential hazards and implement controls to minimize the risks. Those controls are also to be monitored and corrected as needed.
Secondly, pet food producers must now, for the first time comply with Current Good Manufacturing Practices (CGMP), mandated by FESMA (Food Safety Modernization Act), which contain major new requirements for the animal feed industry, as they are very similar to the requirements that have been in place for food production for human consumption.
In order to comply with the new FDA regulation, pet food manufacturers are not only facing a significant amount of documentation and record keeping – the CGMP demands that each facility determines which elements e.g. plant, ground, personnel training, sanitation, water supply and plumbing systems, equipment and utensils, operation procedures, distribution of final product etc., might contain hazards or hazardous measures in need of control and monitoring. Be aware that these rules of the new regulation also apply for foreign facilities exporting to the US.
Since the late 1990’s GRAINTEC has developed hygienic and sanitary guidelines on how equipment, facilities and production plants for the feed production industry must be designed, in order to protect animal foods from disease-causing bacteria, chemicals and other contaminants. GRAINTEC can therefore be of important assistance when manufacturers examine the potential hazards at their facilities and assess the required feed safety plans to ensure that production is according with FDA food safety regulations.
The sanitary design of the production facility is important in order to ensure feed safety, since hazards are found throughout the process – from the raw material intake to the bagging and storage of the finished product. In other words, the content of for instance salmonella bacteria or other bacteria’s is dependent on the raw material contamination, the possible contamination from residues in the production line, the entering of raw material dust when extracting air for cooling – and many other variables!
Also worth to consider is the fact that the risk of growth of present bacteria is considerable, if suitable temperature- and humidity conditions occur. This unfortunate development is most likely to follow in the production line between the heating step and until cooling has been completed, if condensation and formation of wet layers are seen…
Would you like to know more about GRAINTEC’s expertise with Hygienic Design solutions?
Contact our local office in Kansas City.
One Main Plaza
4435 Main Street, Suite 504
Kansas City, MO 64111
Phone: (+1) 816-621-3000